Nature Comms

Contributor Nature Comms

HPV circRNAs: Transformation with no end in sight

Although circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant and can be encoded by viruses, the function of most circRNAs remain unclear. We describe the discovery of circRNAs in human papillomaviruses (HPVs) including a circular E7 RNA (circE7). CircE7 is translated and required for transformation in cervical cancer cells, providing strong evidence that circRNAs can be translated and have important biological functions. Jiawei Zhao Richard Wang
Go to the profile of Richard C Wang
Jun 11, 2019
Contributor Nature Comms

Unconventional transmission mode of the delta virus

The origin of hepatitis D virus (HDV) is currently unknown. HDV is described as an infectious agent that depends on hepatitis B virus (HBV) for envelopment and transmission of its ribonucleoprotein (RNP); yet, as shown in this study, HBV-unrelated viruses, including hepacivirus and flaviviruses, are also able to propagate HDV in vitro and in humanized mice.
Go to the profile of François-Loïc Cosset
May 08, 2019
Contributor Nature Comms

Microbiome Memory of perinatal factors that affect the gut microbiota four years after birth

The developmental journey from birth, through infancy, childhood and into adulthood is a complex one, not least for the trillions of bacteria residing in our gut, the so-called gut microbiome. The gut microbiota is a highly complex community which evolves and adapts to its host over a lifetime and is integral to the health of its host, serving a myriad of functions, from providing essential nutrients, prevention of pathogen colonisation, immune functioning to interactions within the brain through the gut-brain microbiome axis. The study of the gut microbiome has been revolutionised over the last 15 years by advances in genetic methods and sophisticated bioinformatic tools. Next generation sequencing (NGS) is a low-cost, high-throughput sequencing platform that enables analysis of all the genomes within an ecosystem sample (shotgun metagenomics), or a description of the taxa within a given community by sequencing conserved marker genes such as the 16srRNA gene of bacteria and archaea. We have been interested for a number of years in studying the gut microbiome in early life and uncovering the plethora of factors that impact the bacteria an infant acquires at birth and in early life. In this study, we sequenced DNA from faecal samples of children over the first four years and found that there is a perpetual evolution of the gut microbiota during this period.
Go to the profile of Catherine Stanton
Apr 05, 2019